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Climate Modification and Volcanoes

Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.

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All About The International Banking And Financial Studies Masters At Southampton

Here is a short summary of the MSc International Banking and Financial Studies masters degree course offered by the Management School at the University of Southampton to help would-be students to decide whether it is the course for them.

This International Banking and Financial Studies masters course aims to develop students’ existing skills through advanced study in the areas of banking and finance, with a particular emphasis on the international context in which these activities occur.

The International Banking and Financial Studies masters programme gives you a coherent theoretical framework for the various subject areas, although the emphasis throughout is on the practical application of financial techniques in the modern financial services environment.

Southampton Management School has an excellent international reputation for the analytical study of management and business. Studying the MSc International Banking and Financial Studies masters programme will introduce you to new concepts and knowledge, which can make all the difference in the job market.

At the Management School, all our degrees are taught by research-active academics who are also directly tackling business challenges outside the seminar room and putting theory into practice every day.

The International Banking and Financial Studies masters degree course is led by Dr. Gerhard Kling, who is a senior lecturer in Finance at the University of Southamptons Management School.

Gerhard received his PhD in Economics from the University of Tuebingen (Germany) and joined Utrecht University (The Netherlands) as Assistant Professor of Finance and Financial Markets (2004-2006).

In 2006, he went into the private sector and worked as Practice Specialist in Corporate Finance & Banking (McKinsey & Company, Germany) (2006-2007). Then he returned into academia and joined Bristol Business School (UWE, UK) as Senior Lecturer in Strategy (2007-2009).

In 2009, Gerhard was promoted to a Principal Lecturer in Strategy and Operations Management (2009-2010). On 1st October 2010 he joined the University of Southampton as a Senior Lecturer in Finance.
Southampton Management School has an excellent international reputation for the analytical study of management and business. Studying an MSc Management masters degree, or other postgraduate option, will introduce you to new concepts and knowledge, which can make all the difference in the job market.
All our degrees are taught by research-active academics who are also directly tackling business challenges outside the seminar room and put theory into practice every day.

To find out more about this International Banking and Financial Studies masters degree go to www.southampton.ac.uk/management

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Crown Financial Ministry Larry Burkett Program Leads The Path To Financial Freedom And A Total Money Makeover

The Crown Financial Ministry was founded in 1976 and is dedicated to equipping people around the world to learn, apply and teach Biblical financial principals. David Newby, author of Why Didnt Anyone Teach Me This? has learned these important financial fundamentals and continues teaching and educating individuals on Larry Burketts program for financial freedom.

These fundamental principals have been taught to more than 50 million people in over 80 nations since Crowns beginning. The Crown Financial Ministry provides a life-transforming message of how to faithfully live by Gods financial principals in all areas of life.

The Crown Financial Ministry is a Bible-based ministry with recognition of Gods ownership of all things as one of its core values. They also believe in the need to pray about everything and have a desire to serve others with excellence while teaching its principals so that all cultures and generations can easily understand.

With the current economic conditions, its never been more important to learn about Christian Stewardship and planning for a total money makeover. David Newby combines the fundamental principals of The Crown Financial Ministry with advanced financial techniques that will create financial security for anyone that is searching for a solution and a total money makeover.

Total spending for an individual or family should not be greater than their total income. If spending is greater, it is necessary to take a strong look at expenses and decrease spending while increasing income. The Crown Financial Ministry provides the direction needed to make changes and secure financial security. David Newby will provide guidance for as long as it takes to make a budget work and walks client through the steps to the security that can be achieved with a total money makeover.

The Crown Financial Ministry provides free tools on their website and helps build a budget which provides the path to debt elimination. David Newby can provide the tools and guidance to help anyone discover the wealth strategies of the ultra-rich and achieve financial freedom in seven years or less. Dreams can come alive as you discover the keys to creating wealth and implement them in your personal finances.

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A Market Data APIMaking an Interactive Financial Information Display Possible on Your Website

Why do you need a market data API in order to display financial data on your website? An API is an Application Programming Interface, an essential part of the interactivity of Web 2.0. A programming interface is like a foreign language translator-It allows one computer operating on one system to talk to another computer operating on another system. Imagine how complex this can be when computer systems are communicating with market data. When you are providing financial information on your website for your visitors, APIs are necessary to display all but static, non-changing information.

Look for a market data solutions provider that can offer several different code-based APIs or SDKs (Software Development Kits) to ensure that you can connect with data feeds and tickers for real-time, delayed, end of day, and historical information. Having access to a .Net, Java, or COM/Win32 API will make this communication more easeful. APIs should have both a server side component as well as a client-side component.

Sample code should be provided with source code available for your tech team.

Consult with your tech team first to determine whether your system would most easily connect to a .NET, Java, or COM/Win32 API. Then find the market data solution firm that can provide the appropriate API for your system. If you need a .NET API to receive market data, make sure it is written in fully manageable C# code and built within a .NET 2.0 framework. If it is a Java API that you need, of course, make sure it is written in pure Java. No external native libraries will be needed. The Legacy COM/WIN32 API should be available from your market data solutions firm if your system requires this type of interface.

If this all sounds like a lot of mumbo jumbo to you, just make sure that the market data solutions company that you select offers complete code samples, documentation, and complete customized tech support, regardless of the market data API available. Broadcast feeds should come in a format that compresses and consolidates direct feeds from any exchange. Check to be certain that they offer financial data feeds in raw or original exchange format, utilizing HTTP transfer in XML, CSV, and FTP. And most importantly, make sure that the data you receive is the most timely, accurate data available. Your data solutions firm must provide reliable figures, with transactions, inserts, and corrections reported as they are reported by the exchanges. Visit BarchartMarketData.com, where you’ll find more information about each marketdata API available and how to get started on posting your own white-label financial data feed on your company’s website.

Colin Snider lives in New Orleans, Louisiana. He is a promoter for local venues, including concert venues and clubs, in the city. Football is his favorite sport and he is a hardcore Saints fan. He also enjoys trading and investing in the stock market and relies of end of day data to make financial decisions

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Cult Wines Ltd – best place for fine wine investment

People are always looking for some new investment sector as per their risk appetite. Yeah many times wrong investment can burn all hard work into ash. So, after having a big recession and still Europe economic crisis on the go one always look for safe investment. In last decade one sector has outperformed in an all recession and it is wine investment and fine wine investment.

Before doing any investment there is certain thing which is very important to take care to be safe and secure. One must have to identify some risk factors and all. So first step is to decide on which sector you want to invest then how much amount, and would you like e o one amount or you want systematic investment plan.

Timing of investment is also plays a big role in high return on investment. The most important point is that when you are investing, the time is very important; its totally depending upon current market condition. If you have analysis of market condition you would opt for wine investment. Look at the statistics for wine investment In UK, before a decade, fine wine portfolio was around 10000 and after decade it is almost 50000.

Wine investment will not have adverse effect if any economic crisis happens globally. As we can see in last recession wine investment standout and gave high return. So one can easily say wine investment can give return even in recession. In last 10 years wine investment has given 900% return which is really impressive and attractive.

Cult wines Ltd is the leader where you can get the rarest wines at very competitive rate and if anyone wants to go to the most safe and secure investment than will preference go to the Cult Wines Ltd also Cult Wines Ltd provides solutions for sourcing, investing, storing, selling and consuming Fine Wine of any kind to the investors or for any type of businessman. Cult Wines Ltd provides the fined tuned portfolio mainly designed for high capital growth and accounts and regulated mostly at warehouses. Cult Wines Ltd mainly deals with active foreign and domestic holdings and if any beginner wants to invest in the market than no safe investment except in wines and Cult Wines Ltd where you will get higher returns on investments and also provides the portfolio management services.

So far by this information I hope one can easily take decision for wine investment and Cult wines ltd can help you to build right wine portfolio.

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How Business Cash Advance Can Save Your Business from Financial Crux

Cash flow is the interior and exterior of your business and is the lifeline for all businesses. Income could be referred to as cycle: your company uses cash to get assets which are then used to create products or services. They are then offered to get some funds and so the cycle is repeated. But what’s most important is that you positively manage and control these cash inflows and outflows.

Sometimes, when individuals are battling for capital to help keep businesses running, they get eccentric assets for financial help. Many banking institutions don’t really extend cash rather offer assistance and counseling that increase the cost of caring the client.

Cash advances and unsecured loans really are a better option to get your business quick money in crunch financial situations. The micro-banking companies offer several kinds of loans and cash advances to businesses for all needed reasons. Financing might be granted as secured or unsecured. In secured loan, collateral is provided to assist guarantee payment in case of default. In unsecured loan, no collateral is provided except just the borrower signature being a legal promise to pay back the loan amount as contracted.

Unsecured business loans and cash advances come in good belief that the borrower will repay the loan amount as contracted. Such cash advances can be for a lot of productive reasons including purchasing equipment and appliances, renovation, paying for bills or financing that dream franchise.

The opportunity to pay back the current and proposed obligations is crucial while approving financing. Cash advance loans are usually declined to those who’ve a present past due advance. Generally cash advance schemes the borrower’s ability to pay back is dependent upon the borrower’s monthly credit card sales receipts.

There are many benefits of business cash advance lending. The cash advance lenders are very flexible while approving this type of business loan. Even if your business has a low credit score, you can still get cash advance financing. Also the process of getting a business cash advance is instant. The loan application process is very simple, you just have to fill an online application form and the money will be transferred to you in just few business days. The cash advance can also be used for any business purpose without any restrictions. This way you can distribute the cash any where you deems fit.

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Make academic portfolio more valuable with finance degree online

Have you ever dreamt to work in a top-notch financial firm and earn high salary job? If yes, then don’t waste your time and enroll your name in an online university to earn finance degree. As the businesses are expanding nowadays with fast rate, so finance degree holders are also in demand to handle the finance operation in a prominent way. Finance is the backbone of an origination which helps to make an accurate strategy for an organization and helps to grow it in a right direction.

Academic profile The academic structure of finance degree includes various streams like International Securities, Investment, Capital Markets and Banking, Regulation and Compliance, Corporate Finance, Financial Engineering and others. Finance Degree from online mode is offered by almost all universities at Associate, Bachelor’s, Master’s and doctorate level. Online mode is the best way for the students who don’t get time for the traditional classes. The degree at bachelor’s level will give you opportunity to start your job as a fresher whereas if you have acquired master’s degree in finance degree, then you will get many prestigious positions at higher levels. If you opt for finance specialization at Master’s degree in Business Administration then it would be wise investment for your career, as this professional degree would give you a plenty of job prospects at managerial level.

Some of the popular university which offer finance degree online are listed as below: Walden University University of Phoenix Capella University Kaplan University Florida tech university online Upper Iowa university

Employment opportunities Finance degree from online mode assures reputed job in top-notch financial firms with high paying job. It opens lots of employment opportunities in several sectors like commercial, education, non-commercial, IT, media, public and non-profit organizations. Moreover, aspirants get esteemed positions in different companies as a finance manager, Accountant, financial planner, Auditor, financial analyst, financial advisor, Credit analyst, Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Certified Public Accountant (CPA,) investment banker and others.

Start your business After holding finance degree, you can even start your business and give financial advice to other companies. With your own skill and knowledge of finance operation, you can find out the excellent path and develop your business accordingly. Aspirants can work outstandingly with their dynamic approach and plans to get high Return On investment (ROI) in each financial year.

Conclusion If you are a working professional and want to update your resume, then Finance Degree from online mode is the best way to make your academic profile worth a look. The degree provides you required skills, tools and techniques of financial operation which are essential to make finance strategies for a company.

Pradeep is a educational consultant who provides the information for students and proffessionals . He gives a lots of article like Finance degree online and others . For more information you can visit on this site uiu.edu .

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The Reason Why You Need A Car Finance Broker

Car Finance and Broking

The abundance of available options today in the car finance market really makes it difficult for anyone to put their trust and money within reach of one. In the post-recession period, the market specially the investment and finance market remains to be struggling to cope up with the massive losses they incurred when the meltdown happened. After that, financing institutions and firms happen to have been a stricter with policies and regulations and that is what makes it even more difficult for individuals getting a car.

In the part of youngsters wanting to buy a car using their own money , they seem to be more helpless with the situation simply because that they lack any credit score to back them up. This is due to financial companies fear that they will not make it to pay the loans they grab as time passes. As you see, even those people who are already working or persons who have retired find it difficult to obtain a car finance if they will not hold a trusted credit sheet.

Come to think about the scenario if car finance brokers are not in the way. They are the who make everything in the car finance market simple for you in exchange for a commission as soon as the work has been done. This is any day far better than dealing with mounds of documentation with Greek terminologies in them and jargon which simply tangent off your head! Furthermore, car finance brokers ensures that you’ll never fall into the wrong company who unexpectedly changes rates after closing the deal with them.

Best things about Hiring A Car Finance Broker

– Helps save effort and time from attending long meetings and discussions with some other financial companies.

– No seeing the bank for help often.

– Let you rest assured that the option you select among the other options he present you with are of complete transparency.

– Any part of the documentation you’re uneasy with or do not understand will simply be made understandable to you.

– Helps you worry not get an ideal car finance even when you have no or bad credit score.

– Unlike from approaching car finance alone, you’ll never be rest assured that you will get the best among the best deals offered.

– The question of whether you will get a broker for your car finance or not all depends on you and also your money.

The world wide web is a good place in which you can start searching for a good car finance broker. Remember, the world wide web is today’s new marketplace. After you have a good car finance broker, just be sure you arrange a meeting with the representative and proceed with all your plans of buying the dream car that you always desired to!

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Unit Trusts And Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments

Unit Trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments

Unit trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs) are types of collective investments. In a collective investment, each individual investment is pooled with every other individual investment and then invested as a whole by the manager of the investment.

Different unit trust and OEIC funds invest in different asset classes – shares, bonds, cash and property. Some funds focus on just one asset class, while others invest in two or more. Irrespective of the asset class or classes they invest in, most fund managers will hold a wide spread of investments in their chosen asset class. That is one of the reasons why unit trusts and OEICs are popular with investors spreading investments across a range of businesses can help reduce a funds volatility and the risks for its investors.

Although unit trusts and OEICs are both open-ended investments, where the size of the fund varies according to market supply and demand, there are a number of key differences between the two types of funds.

Investors in unit trusts buy and sell a portion of the total fund in the form of units. The price unit holders initially pay for units (the bid price) is higher than the price they can sell the units for (the offer price): the difference between the two prices is known as the spread. In order for unit holders to make a return on their investment, the closing bid price must always be higher than the opening offer price. An OEIC fund on the other hand, does not trade in units but issues shares to its investors and is therefore an investment company – a less complex entity than a unit trust. Shares in an OEIC have a single price, which is determined by the value of the fund’s underlying investments. All shares in an OEIC are bought and sold at one single price, so theres no bid/offer spread to take into account.

The value of an investment in a unit trust or OEIC will vary according to the total value of the fund, which is determined by the performance of the investments the fund manager makes. Unit trusts and OEICs usually impose an up-front charge and annual management fees, some of which are declared as a percentage of the investment, while others are built into the price.

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How to Improve the Management of Your Loan Modification and Short Sale Clients

Applying for a short sale or a loan modification can be complex and time consuming, especially when managing numerous accounts at various stages of the process. Keeping the piles of paperwork for each client organized can be extremely difficult. Loan modification and short sale attorneys face this scenario every day and understand that dealing with such a sensitive financial situation leaves no room for error. New short sale and loan modification software solutions are available which provide excellent help regarding these issues.

Since homeowners come to a loan modification or short sale attorney expecting expertise and help, the attorney needs to demonstrate those qualities and ensure the homeowner that he or she is capable of managing the short sale or loan modification. The software available to attorneys will guide them through the short sale or loan modification process and ensure all -speed bumps- are overcome. It will act as a quality checker throughout each client’s entire process, which only boosts the credibility and trustworthiness of the attorney.

Completing paperwork by hand can be exhausting and keeping it organized can become challenging especially if the lender/servicer requires updated documentation. Short sale and loan modification software will help streamline the process by saving all paperwork electronically so it can easily be accessed at a later date. This eliminates the need to hand write every form and physically file it. Some short sale and loan modification software solutions will even auto-fill all of the necessary forms, making the process faster. These features will greatly improve the management of clients for any loan modification or short sale attorney.

Loan modification and short sale softwareis designed to help any homeowner through the complicated steps while ensuring all information is complete and accurate. For this reason, it can act as a supplement to any existing programs and procedures you and your team may have in place. It is also a very cost effective way to manage a large number of clients.

Using short sale and loan modification software could be the answer to your process and management troubles. With so many homeowners in need of quality help, it is imperative that you set yourself apart and prove you are the best attorney to save their home. A simple, inexpensive software solution could mean the difference between gaining a larger clientele and losing those who trusted in your expertise.

About Home Affordable Guide The Home Affordable Guide was created in 2009 by a team specializing in helping homeowners navigate through all government and in-house mortgage help programs. The Guide was designed to simplify and educate homeowners through the entire process of applying for a loan modification or short sale in five easy steps. To learn more about how the software can help your business, please visit: